Vote “NO” on Amendment 1 in November because Amendment 1 Will Block Out the Sun (credit: Windermere Sun-Susan Sun Nunamaker)
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This is a repost from one of our sister publication, Windermere Sun, below:
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Dear Friends & Neighbors,
Vote “NO” on Amendment 1 in November (credit: Windermere Sun-Susan Sun Nunamaker)
(Please click on red links & note magenta)
I cannot emphasize enough how important it is for Florida to welcome Solar Energy into our state!!!Then Vote “NO” on Amendment 1 in November!!! Reasons are explained in the posts and videos in the two posts below (please click & view):
This article contains material that would help to explain why Amendment 1 is anti-solar: Amendment 1 May Block Out The Sun (Similar measure in Amendment 1 has already destroyed solar industry in the state of Nevada. We do not want a repeat of what happened in Nevada here in Florida!!!)
Amendment 1 part (a) promises the right Floridians already possess (the right to own or lease solar equipments on their property) but prevents Floridians from selling any excess solar energy produced to be sold to others outside of the property owner. Amendment 1 part (b) may potentially allow utilities to create another fee to be charged to solar installation owners or solar power users even if these solar power users are not customers of the utilities. So a votes of “yes” on Amendment 1 would: a. establish constitutional right rather than keep it statutory. b. eliminate free market potential for electricity c. create assumption that solar power users are subsidized by utility customers. Passing Amendment 1 would potentially destroy the solar businesses in Florida (as a similar measure did in Nevada).
Especially after the recent visit from Hurricane Matthew, it is critical for us to promote both utility scale and distributed solar throughout our state and our U.S.A.! This is not only for the fact that Florida needs to live up to its name sake, The Sunshine State, but the fact that much of our state revenues depend on tourism, and therefore our air and water quality plays an important part of our state’s income. Furthermore, the climate change or warming of our planet earth would speed up the process of our disappearing coastal cities (esp. Miami). This is another reason why Florida should make strong effort in supporting solar energy to flourish, to slow down the climate change and warming of our planet. Don’t forget the fact that solar energy is the source of energy that cannot be exclusively possessed by few nations on earth. Therefore widespread use of solar energy would prevent potential warfare among nations for the sake of fuel. Finally, it is undeniable that we are progressing toward the Clean/Renewable Energy Future, whether the politicians like it or not. The sooner our politicians accept this fact and learn to adapt to the Clean/Renewable Energy Age, the better off we all will be, in terms of state economy, business, individual standard of living, and our beautiful environment of state of Florida .
Therefore, it is particularly frustrating that my and your dollars spent on our utility bills are being spent on promotion for something that will potentially destroy the solar industry in Florida, the Amendment 1! So, please bear with me for continuing to post about Amendment 1, reminding Floridians to VOTE NO ON AMENDMENT 1 IN NOVEMBER !!! I may not have multi-million dollar advertising budget, but I do have Windermere Sun….so, let’s help our beloved Florida to be worthy of its name sake by spreading this message of need to Vote “NO” on Amendment 1 in November ! We don’t want the solar growth and solar industry to be destroyed as it did in Nevada by a similar measure in Amendment 1.
If you care about The Sunshine State and would like to insure our worthiness of this name, want to see solar industry and economy to flourish in Florida, forever be able to enjoy our wonderful air quality, and usher Florida into the Clean/Renewable Energy Age, VOTE NO ON AMENDMENT 1 IN NOVEMBER !!! Because……
I saved the most potential game-changing solar technology in the last interview spot, the update of Perovskite-based solar cell technology with the Chief Technology Officer of Oxford PV, Dr. Christopher Case, of this series of Intersolar North America 2015 interviews. Recallingone of our earlier posts, I wrote about Perovskite, a calcium titanium oxide mineral discovered in the Ural Mountains of Russia in 1839. This new old material is generating quite an explosive buzz because scientists have found, in recent years, that it is a great material to be used in solar absorption applications. It can be made simply and inexpensively by using common wet chemistry lab methods and low cost equipments instead of the expensive deposition equipments common in the semiconductor industry. To take a look at how this process is made cheap and accessible, I’m sharing the video below:
These solar (photovoltaic) cells are made in tandem (layer by layer) fashion on a specially coated glass support. In the video above:
the glass is coated with a dense layer of titanium dioxide, by robotic arm, to prevent electrical charge generated by sunlight from leaking out of the cell.
a less dense porous oxide layer covers the dense oxide layer (usually titanium dioxide, other oxides may also be used).
a simple high speed spin coater deposits this layer from solution and spreads this coating evenly across the device.
heating this glass/device in an oven conditions it for solar cell use.
prepare the Perovskite material (which absorbs in the broad range of solar spectrum) by combining 2 precursor materials: PbI2 (lead iodide) & CH6IN (methylammonium iodide)
drip the liquid phase mixture (from 5.) onto the oxide coated device (from 4.)
spin the resulting device in 6 to assure even coating
applying halide solution
heating the device resulting from 8 on a hot plate–>spontaneously crystallizes precursors in freshly deposited liquid
color changes also result from crystallization process resulting from 9.
Such tandem product has the advantage of being able to be introduced into existing infrastructure of current silicon module manufacturing process, boosting its efficiency. With added few steps toward the end of the production line, the coating (equivalent to second solar cell) takes advantage of the blue portion of the solar spectrum and may improve the solar cell efficiency by 20-25% above the underlying silicon. The fact that Perovskite-based solar cell technology is of earth abundant material also insures its availability and low cost. Its high absorption in solar spectrum enables it to have comparable characteristics to that of gallium arsenide. Its ability to change its sensitivity to different band gaps in solar spectrum allows it to make different architectures in tandem solar cells. It can truly be considered as the Custom Solar Absorber! In short term, Perovskite-based solar cell may boost the efficiency level of existing technology and in the long term, it may be a stand-alone technology with closer efficiency level to that of gallium arsenide but at a much lower cost. It may potentially be sprayed, ink-jet printed, dip-coated, etc. It is no wonder that Dr. Case commented, “the perovskite in solar application is the fastest increasing photovoltaic efficiency of any solar photovoltaic thin film material ever! In just a few years, it went from a lab efficiency of about 6% to well over 17%…the material is a very good solar absorber….bringing the material to 25% efficiency in a monolithic layer and 30%+ in a perovskite tandem layer….potentially the future replacement for silicon.”
The perovskite thin-film solar cells, is currently being developed by Oxford PV (a spin-out from the University of Oxford in 2009-2010 to commercialize this technology, which has exclusively licensed the intellectual property developed by Professor Henry Snaith and his team of 20 scientists). Below, Professor Henry Snaith will embellish upon the development of this solar technology:
Oxford PV plans on continuing to optimize this technology’s cell efficiency and accelerate the transfer of the technology into production. Furthermore, it aims to develop the range of substrates to which the cells can be applied. With its promising future, we, the solar enthusiasts and investors alike, should keep our eyes on Oxford PV in the coming years. In the next few years, we anticipate that Dr. Henry Snaith and his team of scientists will continue to tackle challenges in trap densities, doping densities, mobility, mechanisms for free carrier generations, etc., to further improve device performance. You will find that many in the solar industry share the optimism of Professor Henry Snaith and Dr. Christopher Case.
For those of you interested in more details about Perovskite-based solar cell technology, please refer to the two videos below:
1. Introducing Perovskite Solar Cells to Undergraduates:
2. Perovskite Solar Cells: From Device Fabrication to Device Degradation-Timothy Kelly:
~have a bright and sunny day~
Gathered, written, edited, and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker
Any comments and suggestions are welcomed at email@example.com
Please also get into the habit of checking at these sites below for more on solar energy topics:
To continue our series on alternative future possibilities, please allow me to present to you the video on Tomorrow’s Cities of The Venus Project. Below, is what BBC News commented on this project:
Is it possible to create a radically different society? One where material possessions are unnecessary,where buildings are created in factories, where mundane jobs are automated?
Would you want to live in a city where the main aim of daily life is to improve personal knowledge, enjoy hobbies, or solve problems that could be common to all people in order to improve the standard of living for everyone?
Some may think it is idealistic, but 97-year old architect Jacque Fresco is convinced his vision of the future is far better than how we live today.– BBC News
Below is a recording of the panel of discussion that took place on September 11, 2012, Tuesday, 2:30-4:00P.M. During Solar Power International (SPI)2012, moderated by Bill Gallagher (President of Solar-Fit), Speakers: Patrick Sheehan (Director of Office of Energy), Joseph Pietrzak (Senior Program Manager of Progress Energy of Florida), and Bruce Kershner (Executive Director of FlaSEIA).
Recent history of solar policy in Florida was presented/discussed. Its effect on the local solar industry and what is needed to create a strong solar industry in the state are analyzed. All speakers are very well organized and succinct in their presentations. It is clear that incentive policy is critical in determining the future direction (Success or Failure) of our state’s (or any other state’s) energy/solar industry. From these presentations, we can see the need for a more clear state energy incentive policy (with less regional variations and better defined goal). The effective Feed-In-Tariff (FIT) (http://sunisthefuture.net/?m=20120417) had been a policy responsible for much of the job creations and economic prosperity in Germany, Gainesville, FL. FIT had been asked by many Florida residents in the past. It’s an incentive policy that had been overwhelmingly received by many countries on planet earth. It is important that all parties involved will try to work cooperatively, for the cost of solar is low enough and will continue to drop. There are also many other modern technologies and R & D for alternative energy that are in the process of development. Mutual cooperation is needed for long term successful survival of all parties, small individuals as well as large utility companies. Because it is at a point in human history that in the near future, individuals may have the option of going off the grid completely. We are living in a time of global economy and we are not living on an isolated island. If utility companies are truly concerned about their long term viability, they should think of implementing incentives that would keep their customers connected to the grid, working cooperatively toward a solution that will be mutually beneficial for every one involved. I have long enjoyed the stability of using my utility company and would like to see it on the path being viable for the long haul. FIT may be implemented in such a way that both the utility company and individuals may benefit from participation. I believe CA is trying some such measures. Utility company in Hawaii is also thinking about the future success/viability of their organization, implementing FIT very effectively and cautiously. I would also like to remind you of another post on September 16, 2012 at http://sunisthefuture.net , recalling lessons from other industries: music industry with mp3 and Kodak with digital photography. In both cases, one can see that resistance was futile and delayed acceptance by the status quo would either lead to dramatic lowered revenue or death of the industry. Don’t forget this type of cooperation is also a way to demonstrate our sense of responsibility for future generations on this planet, for implementation of effective Feed-In-Tariff would lead to massive solar installations, job creations, local economic prosperity, while insuring cleaner and safer environment for our future generations. Our world is changing and our paradigm has shifted such that we all need to learn to play cooperative games in order to survive in this global economy. Successfully played, it will be a very prosperous, clean, and a war-free future for all of us.
~have a bright and sunny day~
written & posted by sunisthefutrue-Susan Sun Nunamaker, firstname.lastname@example.org
If you are in favor of renewable, clean, or solar energy, please sign this petition for FIT/CLEAN Program, accessible at http://sunisthefuture.net/?page_id=1065Thank you very much.
Dear Friends & Readers, one of you emailed me and asked this question, below:
Maybe you have some business ideas for my brother. He knows the building and architecture business. Knows all materials and specifications for big buildings as well as little houses. He has been a salesman for building products, has been a specifications writer for big projects, overseen buildings for architects and builders, hospitals, convention center, office buildings. He can’t find work here now. He needs to get into the new Solar energy business….
For your brother, since he has so much experience and connections in building industry, I would recommend setting up a business in “Energy Efficiency Auditing” and/or “Solar Installation”, helping home owners and businesses to find different ways to reduce the amount of energy used: be it in installing attic fans, changing light bulb to compact flourescent bulbs, using light color (white) for roof (where it is allowed), changing to tankless hot water heater, using solar hot water heater, using solar energy to heat pools, using solar lights/lamps in the yard, etc. He may even be able to get government subsidies to start a company involved in energy efficiency or solar energy. If he needs more information, I would suggest going to my http://sunisthefuture.net and find the April 18, 2011, post on Incentive For Solar (2) for links and US Dept. of Energy SunShot Initiative (if he may be interested in researches) Contact people at DC and DOE’s Solar America Communities program and April 24, 2011, post on Incentive For Solar (4)-For Consumers for individual states’ listing of solar incentives. You/he can get to this post by clicking the orange link at left or going to the Archives in the right margin of http://sunisthefuture.net, click on April 2011, then click on 24 under April 2011. Read this post (April 24, 2011 post of http://sunisthefuture.net)and listen to the video clip EERE Program Overview. Then click on the orange link to find out more information about where the subsidies for consumers (for different parts of the US) are because with better understanding of where the consumers’ subsidies will be coming from, your brother will be better equipped to appreciate where the potential clients’ needs will be. Call and learn about what and how he may be able to get started in energy industry. Once he is more clear about what exactly he wants to do, then he can start publicizing for his business via internet (I recommend WordPress to set up a web site), Facebook, twitter, and various social networking strategies. It is important to be clear about what his goal is. He needs to learn as much about energy industry as possible. If he visits http://sunisthefuture.net , it is free. My Jan. 10, 2012 post at http://sunisthefuture.net also mentioned an online institute, Solar Living Institute, that has various online courses and training programs if your brother is interested (this would cost something) . In addition to government subsidy, there is a private lending organization call Kiva (I have also written about this organization in Jan. 1, 24, 25, 2012 posts of http://sunisthefuture.net ;Jan. 1, 2012 post ;Jan. 24, post; Jan. 25, 2012 post). Kiva will help legitimate green businesses to get started by lending/microfinancing. So I would recommend that your brother try to learn as much as he possibly can about energy efficiency and solar energy before deciding on what direction will be most suitable for him. Be sure to write out a business plan before approaching U.S. Department of Energy and Kiva for monetary help. There is no guarantee in life, but knowledge is power and better organization and planning ahead is always a good idea before starting on any project. Perhaps he may not even need any outside assistance to get started.
Best to any of your future endeavors and please let me know if you should have any other questions.
I also welcome ( via email@example.com ) any of you out there who would like to help C’s brother out with any additional comments, suggestions, or business ideas . I am in the process of setting up an extension of http://sunisthefuture.net that will allow more of you to participate in the forum format in the near future.
~have a bright and sunny day~
written & posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker, firstname.lastname@example.org
My concerned friends/readers from Midwest (MI and IL) and Canada, I can assure you that there will be plenty of sunshine for you to also become involved with solar energy projects! The sunlight that our solar system is exposed to could either be direct (unobstructed by clouds) or diffused (filtered either by clouds or atmosphere). Although the amount of diffused sunlight (caused by cloud) would increase as we head northward, solar technology can use either form (direct or diffused) of sunlight to produce electricity by using a well-designed PV (photovoltaic) system. As a matter of fact, besides geographical location, seasons, elevation, and angle of the sun can also affect the usable amount of solar energy. To increase the amount of energy produced, solar tracker (either 1-axis/single axis or 2-axis/dual axis) devices are introduced to orient various payloads (such as PV panels, reflectors, collectors, lenses, etc.) toward the sun. Typically, a 1-axis or single axis tracker has one degree of freedom and changes its orientation throughout the day, while a 2-axis or dual axis tracker have two degrees of freedom that would change its orientation throughout the day and from season to season.
A backyard installation of passive single–axis trackers, DC rated at 2340 watts. Seen here in winter midday position, tilted toward the south. The tall poles allow walk-under and use of the ground space underneath the panels for plantings that thrive on protection from the intense midday summer sun at this location
At this point, I want to share with you a really cool looking house, the Gemini House/Gemini Haus, that rotates in its entirety and the solar panels rotate independently, allowing control of the natural heating from the sun. What a great way to ensure that the sun always shine on your photovoltaic array! Gemini House (or Gemini Haus) was designed by Roland Mosl, to combine innovative solar technology and an eye-catching aesthetic. It was the first energy plus house (self-sufficient, and sometimes more) in Austria.
Gemini House/Gemini Haus rotates in its entirety and the solar panels rotate independently, allowing control of the natural heating from the sun. The inventor stands in the middle of the group