Posts Tagged ‘Paul GIpe’

26 July

Enhancing the Investor Appeal of Renewable Energy [with FITs in the USA]-A Review


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers,

(Please click on red links and note magenta)

Thanks to our friend Paul Gipe of the wind persuasion, I’d like to share his update/review on feed-in-tariff with you, below:

Enhancing the Investor Appeal of Renewable Energy [with FITs in the USA]—A review

by Paul Gipe

In one surprisingly bold critique, Felix Mormann has incisively slaughtered two sacred cows of US renewable energy policy in the journal Environmental Law: Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) and tax credits.

Make no mistake, the innocuous sounding title of this academic paper harbors an intellectual assault on public policy created by long-held beliefs in neoliberal ideology. Mormann certainly will not endear himself to AWEA, SEIA, SEPA and the alphabet soup of K Street lobbyists with his unambiguous call to end tax credits: “In light of the conceptual superiority of a feed-in tariff over the current tax credit regime, tax incentive support for US renewables should be phased out as the feed-in tariff goes online.”

Mormann, an associate professor of Law at the University of Miami and fellow at the Center for Energy Policy and Finance at Stanford University, isn’t content to antagonize only industry lobbyists, he takes aim at the principle policies favored by the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) and the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF-US), two En-NGOs influential in US energy policy.

Using IEA deployment data, Mormann explains the superior performance of feed-in tariffs in mitigating market and investment risk relative to RPS and tax credit policies in the US. Feed-in tariffs are the clear winner. They are the superior market instrument.

Though Mormann is not the first to explore the inequality of using tax credits to subsidize renewable energy in the US, his analysis is one of the few in a law journal. He notes for example, that tax credits have created the reasonable perception that they are a “rich man’s” policies by enabling the wealthy—those with a tax liability–to enrich themselves at the taxpayer’s expense.

Mormann skewers both tendering and RPS programs that are sold to Americans—and their politicians–as more “market-oriented” than feed-in tariffs.  Under closer scrutiny, however, RPS and tendering programs–because they rely on trading of renewable energy certificates—entail “considerable transaction costs,” earning them the reputation of policies designed by and for big corporations. These policies, charges Mormann, provide little opportunity for local investors to profit from renewable energy. The lack of transparency in tendering awards and in trading of renewable energy certificates further fuels suspicion that renewable energy in the US was never intended to benefit common citizens.

FITs in contrast, because of their transparency, can improve public perception of renewable energy by enabling greater participation than tendering, RPS policies, or tax credits. Mormann cites Danish and German success with feed-in tariffs at eliciting investment from community groups and local citizens to make his point. Both countries have a much higher percentage of their electricity generated by new renewables than the US.

Mormann doesn’t waffle or go soft in the knees as he reaches his conclusion with an unusually strong recommendation for an academic paper on public policy.

“It is time, indeed, that the United States make the same commitment and adopt the very policy that has propelled its competitors to become leaders in the Race to Renewables. It is time to adopt a feed-in tariff that has the ability to cost-effectively enhance the investor appeal of renewable energy in the United States.”

Now only if President Obama would call Mormann for advice on renewable energy policy–or better yet–a conference call from President Obama and Speaker of the House John Boehner maybe something concrete would come of Mormann’s research. . .

Enhancing the Investor Appeal of Renewable Energy [with FITs in the USA by Felix Mormann, Environmental Law, August 8, 2012.

This feed-in tariff news update is made in cooperation with the Institute for Local Self-Reliance. The views expressed are those of Paul Gipe and are not necessarily those of ILSR.

~have a bright and sunny day~

Gathered and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

Any of your questions/comments/suggestions will be welcomed at

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23 May

Updating Feed-In Tariffs & Renewable Energy Policy


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(Please click on red links below)

The Solutions Project (credit: NREL & Sun Is The Future-Susan Sun Nunamaker), please refer to :

Since our last post of the May 16, 2014 on In-Depth Analysis of Renewable Energy Policy with Toby D. Couture, there’s been much updates worldwide with regard to Feed-In Tariffs. Once again, our Wind Friend Paul Gipe has contributed much, below:

News on Feed-in Tariffs

May 20, 2014,   by Paul Gipe

Governor John de Jongh, Jr. of the Virgin Islands signed a bill enacting feed-in tariffs in the US territory on May 16, 2004. Act 7586 is a greatly watered down version of the original proposal by Senator Craig W Barshinger. The act directs the territory’s utility to set the tariffs and otherwise administer the program. The tariffs must be approved by the Public Service Commission. Unlike many recent feed-in tariff proposals in North America, the Virgin Islands act includes other renewables an[more]

May 20, 2014, by Conor Ryan

Facing pressure due in large part to a pipeline of proposed PV installations and increasing electricity demand, the Philippine Department of Energy (DOE) is organizing plans to raise its feed-in tariff (FiT) cap to 10 times more than the current rate.

May 19, 2014,   by Stuart Elmes

Since the domestic RHI launched in April 2014, I’ve been hearing people saying that the domestic RHI ‘isn’t such a good return as the feed-in tariff (FiT).

May 18, 2014,   by Karl-Friedrich Lenz

Here is yet another reason why the reductions German energy intensive industry gets when paying surcharges are not subsidies, and therefore none of the EU Commission’s business.

May 14, 2014,   by Erik Kwam

REACH’s wrapup summary of renewable legislation that was considered by Hawaii’s state legislature during its 2014 session, including 100% RE, storage, grid modernization, net-metering, and various renewable energy tax credits.

May 13, 2014,   by John Parnell

The Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) could develop a new feed-in tariff (FiT) rate under plans putout for consultation on Tuesday.


News on Nuclear & Renewable Energy Policy


May 21, 2014,

The Fukui District Court ruled Wednesday that it will not allow the restart of two reactors at Kansai Electric Power Co.’s Oi nuclear plant, now under safety examination by Japan’s top nuclear watchdog. . . It is the first time since the Fukushima nuclear crisis erupted in March 2011 that a Japanese court has ordered a power supplier not to bring a nuclear plant online.

May 20, 2014,   by Ture Falbe-Hansen

The Danish Energy Agency has published an energy-scenario report and five sub-analyses on the energy system of the future and the challenges that need managing up to 2050 as fossil fuels are phased out and replaced with renewable energy.

May 19, 2014,   by Mitch Potter

A Canadian has discovered that radioactive trees aren’t decomposing, suggesting that fallout may be even more dangerous than we realize.

May 15, 2014,   by Allie Kosela

Environmentalists are applauding a landmark Federal Court ruling that puts the brakes on building expensive and risky new nuclear reactors in Ontario.


News on Wind Energy


May 16, 2014,   by Paul Gipe

Windpower Ownership in Sweden: Business models and motives, the new book by Tore Wizelius helps English-speakers understand how Swedes have taken a sizable ownership of wind energy in spite of their government. In this, his book can serve as an inspiration to community wind advocates worldwide who face many of the same challenges faced in Sweden.[more]


News on Solar Energy


May 10, 2014,   by Karl-Friedrich Lenz

In comparison, the German Chancellor’s office (Bundeskanzleramt) has a 150 kW installation. That’s at least by a factor 10 more than what Obama has installed.


News on Household-Size (Small) Wind Turbines


May 16, 2014,

Evance have an innovative new windmill design 90% of the way through development and nearing the production stage, following the manufacture and supply of almost 2,000 of smaller windmills –between 10-20m tall – to Britain and locations across the globe from the USA and Madagascar over the past decade.

May 7, 2014,   by Paul Gipe

Quiet Revolution, the one-time manufacturer of an architecturally dramatic helical wind turbine, filed for bankruptcy on 15 April in London.


News on Geothermal Energy


May 15, 2014,   by Ari Phillips

However, developers say a lot of the uncertainty around geothermal in the U.S., and part of the reason it hasn’t grown much in recent years, is due to the unreliable nature of the Production Tax Credit (PTC) and Investment Tax Credit (ITC).

This feed-in tariff news update is made in cooperation with the Institute for Local Self-Reliance. The views expressed are those of Paul Gipe and are not necessarily those of ILSR.

~have a bright and sunny day~

Gathered and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker
Any of your questions/comments/suggestions will be welcomed at
Please also get into the habit of checking at these sites below for more on solar energy topics:

Homepage: HTML adl

13 April

News Update on Feed-In-Tariffs


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers, (Please click on red links below),

Solar Wind Power image (credit: Todd Spink, wind farm near Montfort, Wisconsin) NREL

Once again, our friend from the wind persuasion, Paul Gipe & ILSR-John Farrell are keeping us abreast of Feed-In-Tariffs

News on Feed-in Tariffs

April 9, 2014,   by Craig Morris: Even when the foreign press reports on the correct numbers, a lot of the terms can still be slightly misleading. Today, we focus on a report at Reuters to help the international audience understand the issues.

April 4, 2014,   by Linda Archibald: The man who initiated the Feed-in Tariff (FiT) concept says Malaysia should increase the quota for renewable energy (RE) for its own FiT programme to create enough mass to face potential roadblocks ahead.

April 4, 2014,The Strategy makes clear DECC want this market to grow over the next few years, so it will be key to change the feed-in tariff reduction triggers and the upper tariff band to enable this. We can fix the barriers, but the policy framework must allow the growth we all want to see.

April 4, 2014,The use of the fixed feed‐in systems that have so far been successful in minimizing financing costs is prohibited from January 2015 for all but small installations. This shift to a “market premium” is likely to increase financing costs and might have negative effects on the efficiency of short‐term markets and effectiveness of forward markets.

April 3, 2014,   by Craig Morris: While the German government does not specifically plan to change the design of feed-in tariffs for PV this year, the application of the renewables surcharge to solar power directly consumed does change things considerably.

April 3, 2014,   by John Parnel: End-market demand was said to have been driven by Japan and the UK, which combined accounted for more than one-third of demand globally as well as setting new quarterly records for PV deployed.

March 28, 2014,   by Paul Gipe: In a potentially far-reaching decision, the European Commission has decided that the French system of feed-in tariffs for wind energy on land is not excluded under prohibitions against “state aid,” and is therefore permitted under European Union (EU) regulations. [more]

March 28, 2014,Three German federal states have reached a deal with German Economics and Energy Minister Sigmar Gabriel (SPD) whereby only part of the feed-in tariff surcharge will be applied to new solar photovoltaic systems which supply electricity for the system owner’s use.

March 28, 2014,   by Craig Morris: Yesterday, Brussels approved French feed-in tariffs for wind but said it would investigate industry exemptions. In related news, a draft of the latest energy policy proposals leaked earlier this month probably provides so many backdoors for feed-in tariffs as to make the policy viable going forward.

News on Nuclear & Renewable Energy Policy

April 7, 2014,   by Andrew Dewitt: Japan’s energy policy regime appears dangerously adrift in the context of accelerating climate change. The core problem is agency. On the one hand, Japanese PM Abe Shinzo and the nuclear village appear obsessed with nuclear power restarts and 20th century paradigms of the power economy.

March 31, 2014,   by Craig Morris: On Friday, German power provider Eon confirmed that it will shut down a nuclear plant ahead of schedule. The premature discontinuation of lignite excavation also announced that day, however, is a governmental decision, albeit one the firm may have been about to make itself.

March 27, 2014,   by Glen Estill: Natural gas in storage in the US continued its decline in the most recent update from the US Energy Information Agency. (Why doesn’t Canada publish this type of data?) The ongoing cold winter reduced the gas in storage to 896 Bcf. This compares with the 5 year average of 1822 Bcf, a reduction of 51%. Gas in storage dropped in the week ended Mar 21 by 57 Bcf. Last year in the same week gas in storage was pretty much the same as the week before.

March 26, 2014,   by Bernard Chabot: But as his Figure 1 and, in particular, Figure 3 show, the boom in nuclear mainly took place in the 1970s. Growth continued in the 80s, but began stagnating at the end of the 90s, and has taken a dive since Fukushima.

March 24, 2014,   by Glen Estill: Areas with periodic droughts, like California, Australia, and even the US and Canadian west (remember the dust bowl) need to preserve their rivers and aquifers, or face severe economic consequences. In Canada, Alberta and Saskatchewan are especially vulnerable to drought. And these two province rely primarily on thermal electricity generation.

March 23, 2014,   by Dave Toke: The Hinkley C nuclear power plant deal that gives the nuclear developers a £92.50 per MWh premium price for 35 years will give nuclear power a clear competitive advantage over solar pv in what will be a growing electricity for motor vehicles market.

March 20, 2014,   by Chisaki Watanabe: Japan added 7,044 megawatts of clean energy capacity since it began an incentive program in July 2012 through the end of last year.

March 19, 2014,   by Craig Morris: In any normal situation, such hard facts would simply be reported – it’s not like there’s no way to say “carbon emissions are slightly down year-over-year” in German.

March 18, 2014,A majority of respondents continue to oppose bringing idle nuclear reactors back online, despite moves by the Abe administration to allow restarts as soon as this summer, according to an Asahi Shimbun poll.

March 17, 2014,   by Glen Estill: Some have forecast that the fracking boom may be close to running it’s course. The depletion rates for fracked gas are very high – that is, the well stops producing very quickly. We may not have the surpluses we think we do. But we can make huge surpluses without fracking if we choose to.

News on Wind Energy

April 3, 2014,   by David Suzuki: I think windmills are beautiful. They harness the wind’s power to supply us with heat and light. They provide local jobs. They help clean air and reduce climate change.

March 30, 2014,   by Karl-Friedrich LenzDaniel Wetzel at WELT reports on a new nationwide anti-wind organization recently founded in Germany. The name of the new lobby group is “Vernunftkraft” (reason power). I am not linking to them, but I think that’s an interesting name.

March 24, 2014,   by Ketan Joshi: Recently, the Australian Medical Association (AMA) released a comprehensive position statement on the curiously invulnerable issue of ‘wind turbine syndrome’. One phrase from the statement caught my eye, because it goes slightly further than other institutions (like the Victorian Department of Health, the National Health and Medical Research Council, or New South Wales Health), in that it mentions the impact of misinformation:

March 19, 2014,   by Sarah Taylor: A proposed wind turbine installation near Camp Perry in Northwestern Ohio has recently been halted (see article) by environmental groups that turn out to have connections to the oil, gas and tourism industries.

March 17, 2014,The available Australian and international evidence does not support the view that the infrasound or low frequency sound generated by wind farms, as they are currently regulated in Australia, causes adverse health effects on populations residing in their vicinity. The infrasound and low frequency sound generated by modern wind farms in Australia is well below the level where known health effects occur, and there is no accepted physiological mechanism where sub-audible infrasound could cause heal

News on Community Power

March 31, 2014,   by Jonathan Migneault: Bob Jeffery, vice-president of the SUN Co-operative board, said the group has made an application with the Ontario Power Authority’s Feed-in-Tariff (FIT) program, which offers small green-power generators a chance to sell power to the provincial grid at a guaranteed rate.

March 24, 2014,   by Mark Pengilly: SB 1520, which passed the Oregon House and Senate with bipartisan support, has been signed into law by Governor Kitzhaber. The bill allows renewable energy cooperative corporations to be created and capitalized without the requirement of securities registration.

March 19, 2014,   by Craig Morris: The switch from state-run water services to the private sector made the public aware of the difference between the two options, but the possibility of energy democracy is poorly understood outside Germany even among proponents of renewables. Do citizens have the right to make their own energy? Should such a right be made law explicitly?

News on Household-Size (Small) Wind Turbines

April 7, 2014,   by Mike Barnard: Vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT) continue to get attention, press and R&D funding. Antagonists of mainstream wind generation continually point at them as if they were a superior technology. People perpetually re-invent them and believe that they have found something new and exciting. However, they are undeserving of any significant attention, are an inferior technology and definitely aren’t new. Outside of a couple of niches, they are more of a distraction from deployment of effective utility-scale, horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT) than anything else.

March 24, 2014,The world market for small wind has continued to grow: As of the end of 2012, a cumulative total of at least 806’000 small wind turbines were installed all over the world. This is an increase of 10 % compared with the previous year, when 730’000 units were registered.

This feed-in tariff news update is made in cooperation with the Institute for Local Self-Reliance. The views expressed are those of Paul Gipe and not necessarily of ILSR

~have a bright and sunny day~

Gathered and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

Any of your comments/suggestions/questions will be welcomed at

Please also get into the habit of checking at these sites below for more on solar energy topics:

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2 February

Updates From Paul Gipe


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers, (Please click on red links below)

Our undaunting friend from the Wind Persuasion, Paul Gipe, is keeping us updated

News on Feed-in Tariffs 

Solar And Wind (credit: NREL- Northern Power System, Wind Turbine in Alaska)

January 24, 2014,   by Solar Server Frost & Sullivan predicts that solar photovoltaic (PV) and other renewable energy markets will grow across the Asia-Pacific region in 2014, as the result of new feed-in tariffs and improvements to existing policies.

January 24, 2014,A CNY 1 (16 US cents) per kWh feed-in tariff for large PV projects connecting to the transmission grid ended on 1 January, creating the year-end rush. China’s National Energy Administration announced earlier this month that there were 12GW of 2013 installations, but this preliminary estimate may be exceeded.

January 24, 2014,Pakistan’s National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) has set rates for the nation’s new feed-in tariff policy for solar photovoltaics (PV), which are split according to geography and are set higher for the plant’s first ten years.

January 24, 2014,More than four years after the Ontario Power Authority (OPA) launched North America’s first comprehensive Feed-In Tariff (FIT) Program, Ontario’s renewable energy industry, municipalities, Aboriginal communities and community organizations continue to show strong interest in the program. Nearly 80 percent of net applications have Aboriginal, community, municipal or public sector participation

News on Nuclear & Renewable Energy Policy

January 31, 2014,Local governments across Japan are seeking to supply their regions with 100% renewable energy, three years after the major earthquake which resulted in a nuclear disaster. At the Community Power Conference in Fukushima, the Founding Partners of the Global 100% Renewable Energy Campaign welcome the decision of Fukushima prefecture to be entirely energy self-sufficient by 2040 using only renewable sources.

News on Community Power

January 16, 2014,Collège Catholique Samuel-Genest will be installing a 75-kilowatt solar panel system on its roof in collaboration with the Ottawa Renewable Energy Co-op, or OREC.

January 7, 2014,Saskatoon Community Wind is a community vision. 10 wind turbines located 15 to 30 kilometres from Saskatoon, owned by thousands of people from the Saskatoon region and generating 5% of our electricity.

~have a bright and sunny day~

Gathered and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

Any of your comments/suggestions/questions will be welcomed at

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16 December

Updating News On Feed-In-Tariff


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers,

(Please click on red links below)


Please show your support for Renewable Energy by visiting-signing-sharing Renewable-FIT For Sunshine State!


Let’s Not Waste Our Sunshine In Florida, Show Your Support For Renewable-FIT For Sunshine State Above (Flordia Sunset-credit: sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker)

For those of you who have been following Sun Is The Future closely, I trust that you remember our Renewable Energy friend Paul Gipe (who also believes in Feed-In-Tariff) from the Wind persuasion. I’d like to share with you, his correspondence updating us on the topic of Feed-In-Tariffs, below:


News on Feed-in Tariffs


November 24, 2013,   by Paul Gipe

I’d already marked up my version of Matthias Willenbacher’s book My Indecent Offer to the Chancellor in the faint hope of some day posting a review from the German—it’s difficult and time consuming and there’s always the risk that as a native English speaker I am missing something important or worse misinterpreting a passage. Yes, this is old news. Willenbacher’s proposed his offer to Chancellor Merkel mid-summer, well before the fall election. But Germany’s enegiewende remains in play and the [more]

November 21, 2013,

Energy watchdog ANRE is in the final stages of deciding on feed-in tariffs for renewable projects in Romania, in a move which has been expected by investors. Zoltan Nagy-Bege, member in ANRE’s regulation board, said on Wednesday the European Commission (EC), the executive arm of the EU, sent the first approval letter this September on the computation mechanism drawn up by the ANRE. He added the watchdog is currently establishing the prices in the new system, which has to be vetted by the EC.

November 19, 2013,   by Bernard Chabot

You may have already heard the news about Japan’s first year of feed-in tariffs, but our Bernard Chabot was provided with the raw data in English straight from METI. Here, he shares them with you.

November 14, 2013,   by Paul Gipe

I’ve posted a model feed-in tariff bill for use by feed-in tariff advocates in the US. The bill is very basic and directs the state utility commission to determine nearly all the details. This bill was designed to meet Federal Energy Regulatory Commission requirements and was intended for use in the Indiana General Assembly. Model USA State Feed-in Tariff (Indiana 2013)[more]

November 14, 2013,   by Paul Gipe

Presentation on the growth of wind energy worldwide, philosophy of feed-in tariff policies, feed-in tariff design, and feed-in tariffs for offshore wind and examples of near shore and offshore community-owned wind for Cape & Islands Self-Reliance.

Solar Server: Germany meeting goals, controlling PV market by feed-in tariff reductions, “reform” unnecessary

November 12, 2013,   by Bernard Chabot

Renewable Energy Consultant Bernard Chabot has published his latest analysis of the German solar photovoltaic (PV) market and policies, showing that PV market control is possible by carefully adjusting feed-in tariff rates.

November 12, 2013,   by Bernard Chabot

International energy policy consultant Bernard Chabot’s detailed briefing on how to define a targeted fair and sufficiently attractive profitability for investors through Feed-in Tariffs using the Profitability Index Method (PIM).[more]


November 1, 2013,   by Paul Gipe

IEA: FITs Not a Subsidy—But Tax Credits are IEA: Net-Metering only 2% of World Market–The International Energy Agency (IEA) has declared that feed-in tariffs are the principal driving force in the worldwide development of solar photovoltaics (solar PV). While possibly stating the obvious, it’s always good to see official confirmation of one’s own observations. IEA’s Trends in Photovoltaic Applications 2013 covers the year 2012 and its report contains a number of gems on what works and what do[more]

October 29, 2013,   by Axel Michaelowa and Stephan Hoch

Renewable energy Feed-in Tariffs (REFIT) have been highly effective in many countries, and provide a proven example of a results-based climate finance instrument, if tuned carefully over time to be sustainable.


Please also get into the habit of checking at these sites below for more on solar energy topics:

~have a bright and sunny day~

gathered, written, and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

Any of your comments will be welcomed below or via (please note if you do not want your email to be shared)


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20 July

Update on FIT (Feed-In-Tariffs)


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers,

Please click on red links below.

Thanks to our Wind-friend Paul Gipe for the links below. Yes, we’re still keeping track of the progress with FIT (Feed-In-Tariffs)!

Sun Above Cloud (photographed by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker)

News on Feed-in Tariffs

July 13, 2013,   by Jorge AlcauzaSpain’s government has announced the end of the Feed-in Tariff (FiT) system for renewable energy. – See more at:

July 12, 2013,The tariff levels have been set at 7.3p/kWh for air source heat pumps; 12.2p/kWh for biomass boilers; 18.8p/kWh for ground source heat pumps and at least 19.2 p/kWh for solar thermal.

July 12, 2013,CSI-II will precede two additional clean energy projects to be released before year end 2013. In one, LIPA staff is developing another feed-in tariff to allow for wind, fuel cells and other renewable resources to fill an additional 20MW block of renewable energy. In the other, LIPA is preparing a Request for Proposals for up-to-280 MW of renewable energy.

July 3, 2013,   by Department of Energy & Climate Change

Aspiring communities across the nation will be able to receive Feed-in Tariff (FITs) payments for the clean green energy generated by larger community energy projects, under new plans set out by the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) today. Projects such as solar PV on school roofs or panels on libraries, community owned wind turbines and hydro power from local streams could all benefit under the proposed new rules.


Gathered and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

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17 June

Community Solar Through SEPA & Paul Spencer of Clean Energy Collective


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers,

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Updates on our# Solar-FIT For Sunshine State petition: 165 signatures strong. We need more! Please help us to spread more sunshine by signing this petition and sharing it with others. It is our shared responsibility to move toward the renewable energy age and Sunshine is the cleanest, healthiest, and least war-prone way to go!

What a great way to share and obtain valuable information without increasing carbon footprint or cost! SEPA (Solar Electric Power Association ) is now presenting a series of webinars that will help to provide better understanding of how Community Solar can help Utilities to achieve their goals, sponsored by Clean Energy Collective. This is a two-part community solar webinar series where SEPA staff share insights and findings from the recently released Utility Community Solar Handbook. The first  episode of this series took place on June 13, 2013, on Utility Managed Community Solar. The second episode of this series will take place on June 27, 2013 , Highlighting Trends From SEPA’s 2012 Top 10 Utility Solar Rankings and the third episode will take place on July 11, 2013, Leveraging Community Solar to Meet Utility Goals – Experience and Insights from Clean Energy Collective and Xcel Energy.You may sign up for the remaining episodes of this series here.

During the first episode, in the short 30 minutes, Bob Gibson (VP of Education and Outreach at SEPA) and Mike Taylor (Director of Research at SEPA) presented very succinctly why utility companies would want to work with community solar program:

Community Solar @ Westmill Solar Cooperative (Creative Commons GNU Free Documentation License)

  1. Increase customer access to and participation in solar
  2. Support the local PV industry
  3. Proactive customer engagement with the utility
  4. More cost effective than smaller, distributed projects
  5. Meet regulatory requirements at lower cost
  6. Increase customer equity from solar projects

and highlighted key considerations for utilities interested in designing or optimizing utility-managed community solar programs and for stakeholders looking to support them.

The participant take-aways included:

  1. Motivations and drivers for community solar
  2. General guidance categories when moving forward with a community solar program
  3. Chief considerations when implementing community solar
  4. Utility-managed community solar decision points, lessons-learned and what to do differently in future projects to optimize result

In case you’d like a deeper understanding of what community solar program/farm represents, explained below (in italic form, source: Wikipedia) and also by Clean Energy Collective President Paul Spencer in the video :

A community solar farm or solar garden is a solar power installation that accepts capital from and provides credit for the output and tax benefits to individual and other investors. The power output of the farm is credited to the investors in proportion to their investment, with adjustments to reflect ongoing changes in capacity, technology, costs, and electricity rates. Companies, cooperatives, governments or non-profits operate the farms.

Centralizing the location of solar systems has advantages over residential installation that include:

  • Trees, roof size and/or configuration, adjacent buildings, the immediate microclimate and/or other factors which may reduce power output.
  • Building codes, zoning restrictions, homeowner association rules and aesthetic concerns.
  • Lack of skills and commitment to install and maintain solar systems.
  • Expanding participation to include renters and others who are not residential property owners

(Source: Wikipedia)

Community solar program/farm is a great way to enable the segment of population (mentioned above) that otherwise would not have been able to participate in solar to share the benefit of sunshine effectively and responsibly. It would also be able to work in conjunction with incentive program such as Feed-In-Tariff. If you’d like to find out more and missed the first episode of this series, recordings and slides from the first episode (June 13, 2013) are available at SEPA website for webnars.  If you want to Learn How Community Solar Can Help Utilities Achieve their Goals, registration for future webinars are available here. If you’d like some help in starting your community solar farm/program, you may want to contact Clean Energy Collective to get some answers.

This is a great opportunity for any one assessing whether community solar is a viable option for them and how to create a program that optimizes project development and results. Utility project case studies will help illustrate lessons learned. There will be a Q&A session following the presentation.

Participant take-aways (provided by SEPA, below) will include:

  • How community solar can be leveraged to meet utility goals – RPS, customer satisfaction, etc.
  • Key considerations for making smart community solar decisions and a successful program design.
  • Considerations for deciding whether community solar should be developed alone or with a third party.
  • How to evaluate the available roles, options and variables that might impact your decision

Date: Thursday, July 11, 2013. 11am Pacific/2pm Eastern. Estimated duration: 1 hour.

Speakers: Fran Long, Product Developer – Renewable Energy, Xcel Energy; Paul Spencer, Founder and CEO, Clean Energy Collective; Becky Campbell, Senior Research Manager, SEPA (moderator)

Cost: Free to SEPA members and the media (subject to verification); $199 for non-members

Target Audience: Utility strategic planners, renewable program staff and other interested solar and community stakeholders

All registered attendees will receive the presentation slides and recording within two business days after the webinar. The recording and slides from the first part of the series are also available on the website.


~have a bright and sunny day~

gathered, written, and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

any of your comments or suggestions will be welcomed publicly below in the comment box and privately via (be sure to note in the email if you do not want your email to be shared).


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6 June

Pathway To 100% Renewables Is Not A Pipedream (1)


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers,

(Please click on red links below)

Remember the first Pathway To #100% Renewable Energy Conference at Fort Mason in San Francisco on April 16, 2013?    I made plan to attend but was not able to in the last minute due to my mother’s illness.  Thanks to #Diane Moss(Along with founding the #Renewables 100 Policy Institute, Diane Moss acts as Policy Advisor to #World Future Council and Nuclear Campaign Consultant to Friends of the Earth.) , many of the recorded sessions are now available at Renewables 100 Policy Institute and I’d like to share some of these talks from the most enlightened, energetic, and progressive researches, scientists, and policy makers of our time from all over the globe in this and coming episodes here at Sun Is The Future of . The time is ripe, we have the science and technology on our side…let’s get ready to transition into the 100% Renewable Energy Age! It’s not a pipe dream. We simply need to share the information and knowledge with as many as possible (so please let others become aware of the Renewables 100 Policy Institute). Below is a composite of some of the speakers from this conference filmed by The Future of Energy in April, 2013.

More talks will be shared in the coming episodes here at #Sun Is The Future. Get ready to be excited about the future of our planet! Ge ready to prepare a brighter future for our future generations! The future is here now!

Pathway To 100% Renewables Is Not A Pipedream (2)

Pathway To 100% Renewables Is Not A Pipedream (3)

Pathway To 100% Renewables Is Not A Pipedream (4)

Pathway To 100% Renewables Is Not A Pipedream (5)

Pathway To 100% Renewables Is Not A Pipedream (6)

Pathway To 100% Renewables Is Not A Pipedream (7)

Pathway To 100% Renewables Is Not A Pipedream (8)


~have a bright and sunny day~

gathered, written, and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

any comments and suggestions will be welcomed either publicly in comments below or privately via


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10 April

Pathway to 100% Renewable Energy Conference


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers,

(Please click on red links below)

I am ecstatic that this conference will be taking place for the first time: Pathway to 100% Renewable Energy Conference! This is what we should be preparing for into the future! Come and see how international cities such as San Francisco and Munich,  as well as business and communities around the world are setting, achieving, and benefiting from 100% renewable energy targets. Hear from top global experts about cutting edge technical, policy, and financial solutions, on the ground experiences, and the added value of transitioning to 100% renewable energy. Last but not least, join the dialogue about how the transportation sector can best integrate into our 100% renewable energy future.

Do you remember the April 3, 2013 post by our Friend of the Wind persuasion, Paul Gipe , with the bold vision on Pathways to 100% Renewable Energy ?  If you believe in the Renewable Future or are simply amazed at this bold vision, please consider reserving the date and time for April 16, 2012, Tuesday, because there will be a conference on the specific topic of Pathways to 100% Renewable Energy Conference at the Golden Gate Room at Fort Mason Center, San Francisco, CA on various programs, including:


Residential Solar on the Island of Kaua’i, photographed by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker


Local wind generator, 2010, in Spain, creative commons-share alike











Commercial Solar on the Island of Kaua’i, photographed by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

  1. Local Communities, Cities, Regions and Countries Shifting to 100% and Beyond
  2. Overcoming Technical Barriers To 100% Renewable Power
  3. Financing and Policy Drivers Of Cost-Effective Renewable Energy Advancement
  4. Businesses Leading the Way on Early Adoption
  5. Zero and Plus Energy Buildings
  6. Transitioning to Renewable Transportation

If you already have other commitments (as in my case) that day and would still like to take part in this movement toward 100% Renewable Energy Future, please check out this site and consider participating in Start a CLEAN Program in your community.  I am trying to rearrange my schedule so that I might be able to attend this conference. This conference is being sponsored by a group of Renewable Energy enthusiasts who have made much contributions in the past toward our Renewable Energy Future.  To help unleashing our local renewable energy potential, please consider starting your local CLEAN Programs.

The Local CLEAN Program Guide features seven downloadable modules:

For additional guidance, please contact the Clean Coalition…or follow Clean Coalition on Facebook and Twitter or signing up for their newsletter to learn about upcoming training opportunities and keep abreast of what other CLEAN communities are doing.

Let’s all collaborate in working toward that 100% Renewable Energy Future!

~have a bright and sunny day~

Gathered, written, and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

Any of your comments or suggestions will be welcomed at


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3 April

Bold, Visionary Thinking On Pathways To 100% Renewable Energy


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers,

(Please click on red links below). Be sure to click on “Translate” above if any of the articles is in a language foreign to you.

It is with exciting anticipation that I would like to share this news update with you, from our friend of the Wind persuasion, below: by Paul Gipe

Increasingly countries and regions are leapfrogging timid renewable targets and moving toward full 100% integration of renewables into electricity supply. Some thought leaders, politicians, and advocates are moving even further, suggesting 150%, even 300% renewable electricity generation to meet not only electricity supply but also heat and transport.

How times have changed.

When I began my career three decades ago, our demands were modest if not meek. We could hardly imagine wind supplying more than 10% of electricity consumption. Then the California wind rush arrived in the early 1980s, and we realized that wind energy had indeed come of age as a commercial generating technology.

Our expectations increased accordingly. Wind penetration of 20% then began to seem a reasonable objective. But we stumbled badly here in the US. We turned our backs on renewables during the Reagan era.

Meanwhile, Danes continued to erect ever more wind turbines throughout the 1990s. Soon Denmark was closing on 20% of supply from wind energy alone and it became apparent—again—that our targets were too modest.

Even then I remember writing that we advocates were not suggesting that renewables would completely replace fossil fuels. No we said, we’d always need fossil fuels for some portion of supply. Wind—and solar too—would just be parts of the resource mix, maybe a big part, but still just a part.

“Facts on the ground,” as they say, were changing faster than our thinking of what was possible. With experience in Denmark, followed by that in Spain and Germany came the realization that renewables were capable of growing much faster than we had ever anticipated. Reality was overtaking our imaginations.

Today wind turbines generate nearly 30% of Danish electricity. But of course that’s not all. The Danes didn’t stop with just wind. They’ve also been building hundreds of biogas digesters and waste-to-energy plants as well. Together, wind and biomass provide 44% of the electricity consumed by Denmark’s nearly six million inhabitants. And on 20 March, just after midnight, Denmark’s wind turbines alone were generating more than 100% of the Scandinavian country’s consumption.

The list of what was once unimaginable continues to grow. Portugal’s 10 million people produced more than half their electricity in 2010 from their own indigenous renewable resources. Spain’s 40 million people meet one-third of their electrical consumption from renewables.

All of this was accomplished with policies implemented before the climate crisis was fully felt, and well before Fukushima.

In retrospect, none of this should have been surprising. After all, in the early days of electricity much of it–if not all in some regions–was generated renewably with hydroelectricity.

What was different from then was the growing role of the “new” renewable technologies, such as wind, solar, biogas, and geothermal. Also new was the observation that if we are to address climate change we have to do something about fossil fuels in transportation and heating. This was brought home to me this past summer as I sat on a panel at the World Wind Energy Association conference in Bonn titled “100% Renewable Energy”.

On the panel were two long-time renewable pioneers, Preben Maegaard from Denmark, and Johannes Lackmann from Germany. Independent of each other, both had come to the same conclusion. To address climate change and energy security, we must move well beyond 100% renewable energy in electricity supply and build an integrated network capable of using more than 150% renewable energy, up to as much as 300% renewable energy to offset fossil fuels in transportation, and heating.

This is the kind of bold, visionary thinking that is being debated in Europe. As more countries and regions adopt what was once unthinkable—100% renewable targets in electricity supply—academics and thought leaders are asking questions about what it will take to go even further.

Meanwhile, the list of countries, states, and regions with 100% renewable targets continues to grow.


The most famous example of an ambitious target is Denmark. In the spring of last year the Danish energy minister and then holder of the EU Presidency, Martin Lindegaard issued the country’s 100% Renewable Energy Declaration.

Denmark proposes to meet more than 50% of its electricity supply with renewables by 2020, 100% of electricity and heat by 2035, and 100% in transport by 2050. “I think it’s doable, I think it’s necessary, and it’s also good for the economy,” said Lidegaard in the declaration.


Just south of the Danish border, the German state of Schleswig-Holstein has also set itself an ambitious target of 100% of interior electricity consumption by 2020.

The German states of Rheinland-Pfalz and Brandenburg have set their targets of 100% renewable for somewhat later, 2030. Brandenburg expects to meet its target in part by decreasing electricity consumption 1% per year and setting aside 2% of the state’s land area for wind energy.

The 2% rule for wind is quickly becoming the norm in Germany. This past winter, Schleswig-Holstein, which currently meets more than half its internal consumption with wind, announced that it was doubling the land area devoted to wind energy to nearly 2% to meet their renewable targets. Similarly, the German Wind Turbine Owners Association (Bundesverband WindEnergie) commissioned a study finding that Germany could meet its 2050 target for wind with 2% of the country’s land area.

The central German state of Hesse is less ambitious than its peers. Their target is 100% renewable by the more distant date of 2050.

For several years now, Germany itself has the objective of generating 80% of its electricity from Renewables by 2050. The debate has now shifted to how much sooner can they reach that target and at what will be the cost in doing so.

Germany is the hotbed of 100% Renewable discussion. This fall, the city of Kassell will host The 5th 100% Renewable Energy Regions Congress. Organizers note that more than 130 regions and municipalities have set themselves the target of providing 100% of their energy supply with renewable energy in the medium to long term.”

In fact it is small villages and towns that are driving the move toward 100% renewable energy policy in Germany just as they did with the introduction of feed-in tariffs in the 1990s. Because renewable energy is dispersed—distributed the experts say—even the smallest and most remote village can opt for locally-owned resources that offset not only their own consumption, but often much more.

Disclosure: I receive a grant from the World Future Council. The World Future Council is a co-sponsor of the conference Pathways To 100% Renewable Energy and I am a speaker at the conference.

Dardesheim bills itself as Germany’s renewable energy village, Jünde advertises as “the” bio-energy dorf, and the district of Rhein-Hunsrück along the scenic Rhine Gorge touts its target of 500% renewable energy by 2020.

In a dream come true for renewable energy advocates, German villages compete with each other for the title of who produces more renewable energy per capita. Winners are even feted with an annual award.


Talk is now shifting to European-wide targets for 2030 and beyond. All members of the European Union have binding—not “aspirational”–2020 renewable targets. Advocates are now suggesting that Europe itself could move toward 100% renewable energy by 2050.

The Austrian state of Upper Austria has set a target of 100% renewables in heat and electricity by 2030.

And of course Scotland has thumbed its collective nose at Donald Trump and set itself the very ambitious target of 100% renewables in electricity supply by 2020 mostly from wind energy.


And probably the most ambitious target of all is that proposed by Stanford academic Mark Jacobson in the US, and NGOs in Europe. Jacobson, the World Wildlife Fund, and others have shown that the world could produce 100% of its energy needs by 2050 with renewable energy.


Closer to home, dissatisfaction with the typically timid targets found in state Renewable Portfolio Standards has led new players in the renewable arena to challenge the traditional incremental approach of established NGOs. They argue that the times demand more aggressive action—targets that are ambitious enough to elicit the dreams and hopes of Americans–and the policies to match them.

Some communities, such as Greensburg, Kansas are taking action into their own hands. After a tornado leveled the city in 2007, the community decided to do things differently when they rebuilt. One of their objectives was to rebuild with 100% renewable energy.

Fortunately, Greensburg is not alone. Other cities across the country are taking up the cause. It is this ambition that has driven the first conference of its kind in the US, a conference on how to move American’s toward 100% renewable energy. Like the past four such conferences held in Germany, the conference features thought leaders, politicians, and academics at the forefront of this global new movement.

Pathways To 100% Renewable Energy will focus on 100% renewable energy targets and how to get there. Scheduled for 16 April 2013 at the Fort Mason Conference Center in San Francisco, the conference brings the discussion of the future of renewable energy full circle. California was the crucible where the modern renewable energy industry and its potential was forged. The state has long since given up its role as a leader in the renewable energy revolution, but the budding movement toward 100% renewable energy could re-awaken the Golden State’s pioneering spirit.

If you have any question or comments about this particular post, please email Paul Gipe at :

~have a bright and sunny day~

posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

Any of your comments or suggestions are welcomed below or at


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