Posts Tagged ‘solution’

27 April

Please Contemplate A Possible Solution For Potential Future Wars, Time To Consider The Possibility of Infinity Rather Than Forever Playing A Zero Sum Game

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Dear Friends & Readers,

(Please click onred linksbelow)

I’ve been hearing/reading way too much talks about the possibility of wars among nations recently….over oil reserves…over the fear of nuclear weapons….

I believe many of you care and love our planet earth just as much as I do.  I want to be able to enjoy watching my beautiful Florida sunsets and be able to visit Aurora Borealis one day….I haven’t written my best selling book yet and am not even half way through with my bucket list….

As I watched the following video clip of  The Aurora,

I was moved/inspired to ask the question, “If the issue lies in what kind of nuclear technology Iran is really developing, why don’t we (nations on both sides: U.S.A., China, Russia, UK, India, Japan, Korea, Israel, etc.) all simply pitch in helping Iran to fund their research and development in Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Hydro Energy, and Geothermal Energy and forego the nuclear energy.  Germany had already voluntarily started the process of doing this. It will certainly cost far less to try to coax Iran in this direction…remember the old adage our grandparents used to teach us, “you will catch more flies with honey than vinegar”. Helping Iran with R & D in Solar-Wind-Water-Geothermal in exchange for nuclear will be better for their and all of our health any way. The cost of any war will be far more than helping to fund their R & D in Solar-Wind-Water-Geothermal Energies.  It is time for us earthlings to learn to play the cooperative game rather than only thinking/playing a zero sum game.  It is time for us to shift our gear and contemplate the possibility of infinity.  Our resources may be transformed and we may reach far beyond our galaxy and into the unknown.  Human resource is also one form of natural resources that needs to be valued, for it may be the child from a less developed nation who will one day help us to reach another star/habitable planet .  We need not confine ourselves to fighting over currently limited resources.  History tells us that much can be transformed/converted and our world had been improved and had become a much more enjoyable place after we’ve decided to stop fighting over  horses, thinking that horses can be  the only possible mode of transporting vehicle.

Many of you may think of my question is being simplistic and naive, but I have learned in math and sciences that often time the most elegant equation or solution is the simplest.  So please do not dismiss this question too quickly. Please help to spread this question to at least 10 other people that you know.

I welcome your comments/suggestions/questions/remarks regarding my question.  I hope you will start asking yourself and ask others to join in contemplating/sharing/spreading this question before it is too late.

~I wish that we will all have many many more bright and sunny days~

Gathered, written, and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

Any comments and suggestions are welcomed at sunisthefuture@gmail.com

Please also get into the habit of checking at these sites below for more on solar energy topics:

www.sunisthefuture.net

www.youtube.com/user/sunisthefuture

www.kiva.org/team/sunisthefuture

www.facebook.com/sunisthefuture

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24 November

Reminder for Occupy Wall Street Protesters:Need To Offer A Positive Path

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Dear Readers,

If you are in favor of renewable,  clean, or solar energy, please sign this petition for FIT/CLEAN Program, accessible at http://sunisthefuture.net/?page_id=1065 Thank you very much.
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Dear Readers,

On this day of Thanksgiving, thank you very much for all the encouraging words.  I have been temporarily out of commission for many reasons: physical recovery after being under the weather, consideration of expansion of Sun Is The Future (with much to learn), pondering and listening to the dynamic voices for change throughout the country and the planet earth.  I believe that people are waking up and are discussing the essentials of democracy.  U.S. is a noisy and diverse country with tremendous amount of dynamic energy and potential for improvement.  I  especially liked what former President Bill Clinton commented on “Late Show With David Letterman” about his views on the Occupy Wall Street protesters.

The former president repeatedly said the demonstrators must focus on solutions that could boost the country’s economy, rather than simply protesting against Wall Street and economic disparity.

Former President Bill Clinton, wikimedia

“I think that, on balance, this can be a positive thing, but they’re going to have to transfer their energies at some point to making some specific suggestions or bringing in people who know more to try to put the country back to work,” he said.

Clinton said the demonstrators — who are now in their fourth week on the streets of New York City and have spread to other cities across the country — are upset because they have “made no contributions to the financial meltdown that caused their current distress.”

I agree with former President Clinton: it is not enough to be against something,  you/we also need to do something positive, to be for something. This is true in dealing with conflicts between spouses in small domestic affairs to wars among nations.  It is important to seek out the positive path in resolving any situation.  I believe, we are all looking for the path of coming together of conservative in a real sense of the word in Latin, conservare, meaning to keep, to conserve, to preserve, to hold, to save, to cherish, and to treasure.  In a real sense, we are all looking for the positive path to preserve and cherish our planet earth and our democracy.  I understand that there are many issues that need to be addressed and resolved, but in my little corner of Sun Is The Future, I am offering the positive path of effective Feed-In-Tariff as part of the solution to increase local job creations, economic prosperity, energy needs, climate change, and pollution.  So, please consider signing the petition at this site (above) to show your support for renewable and solar energy and effective Feed-In-Tariff (discussions, editorials, and video clips are also available in posts from May 8-Aug. 4, 2011, Nov. 11, 2011 at Sun Is The Future of http://sunisthefuture.net .)  More discussions on possible solutions for  positive path will be in the next post.

~have a bright and sunny day~

written and posted by sunisthefurure-Susan Sun Nunamaker, sunisthefuture@gmail.com

Homepage:   http://sunisthefuture.net

Any comments and suggestions are welcomed at sunisthefuture@gmail.com

Please also get into the habit of checking at these sites below for more on solar energy topics:

www.sunisthefuture.net

www.youtube.com/user/sunisthefuture

www.kiva.org/team/sunisthefuture

www.facebook.com/sunisthefuture

www.pinterest.com/sunisthefuture

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31 July

Why Should We Power The World With Wind-Water-Sunlight Quickly

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If you are in favor of renewable/CLEAN energy, please sign the petition page showing support for FIT/CLEAN Program at http://sunisthefuture.net/?page_id=1065 Thank you.

It is an exciting time to be alive.  We earthlings may have many problems to deal with, but we are also equipped with many tools, terrific minds, and fantastic ways of communications.  My thirst for solutions for earth’s energy problem combined with my online teaching jobs permitted me to travel to various places from time to time to search for answer…to seek lessons learned and wisdom gathered…. Yes, I’ve attended many lectures by many scholars who have studied the energy issue.

Today, I want to share with you a talk by Mark Z. Jacobson, Director of the Atmosphere/Energy Program and Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Stanford University. Professor Jacobson started the talk by explaining what the problem we earthlings are facing today and why is there such an urgency in needing to deal with it quickly:

  • temperatures are rising quickly
  • Arctic sea ice area is decreasing quickly
  • air pollution mortality is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and higher temperature contributes to deaths
  • higher population and growing energy demand will lead to worsening air pollution and climate problems over time

This part of the talk helped me to realize that black carbon (main component of the soot particles) is also a very important factor for causing global warming, in addition to CO2 emission.  Annual premature earthlings’ deaths due to particulates is about 2.5-3 million (in U.S. that is translated into 50,000-100,000 and in Europe, 300,000-350,000 annual premature deaths due to air pollution).

As any good engineer/scholar would approach a problem, Professor Jacobson did not just  alarm us with problems but also evaluated possible solutions both with and without cost considerations.  From reviewing and ranking major proposed energy-related solutions to global warming, air pollution mortality, and energy security, his talk also considered various impacts of the proposed solutions such as water supply, land use, resource availability, reliability, wildlife, and  risk of cancer and nuclear proliferation.  Some data I was not aware of in the past was presented, such as the dramatic increase of organic gases (formaldehyde, 200% and  acetaldehyde, 4500%) and increased ozone generated from using ethanol.  In the final analysis, with consideration of materials, transmission infrastructure, costs, and politics, Professor Jacobson concludes that the best way to power the world is with Wind, Water, and Solar (WWS) technologies.

 


 

By 2030, the cost of using fossil fuel (13.5c/kWh) will be higher than using WWS (8-13 c/kWh) technologies.  Using WWS technologies will also eliminate 2.5-3 million air pollution premature deaths/year and global warming and provides energy stability.  Furthermore, converting to WWS and electricity/H2 will reduce global power demand by 30%.  The greatest concern regarding use of WWS is its variability;this is also addressed by Jacobson’s study by: ( 1.) interconnecting geographically-dispersed WWS;(2.) bundling WWS and using hydro to fill in gaps;(3.) demand-response (provide incentive to discourage use during peak/high demand period);(4.) oversizing peak capacity and producing hydrogen with excess for industry, vehicles;(5.)on-site storage;(6.)better forecasting.

 

 

The study concludes that the best way to power planet earth in the future is with Wind, Water, and Solar (WWS) technologies.  It is feasible both technically and economically.  Its potential barriers are up-front costs, transmission needs, lobbying, and politics.

Relevant papers can be found at http://www.stanford.edu/group/efmh/jacobson/Articles/I/susenergy2030.html.


Dear Readers, this is exactly why I have written the series on Feed-In-Tariff, trying to urge all of our local and federal governments (not just the Floridians or residents of USA, but residents of planet earth) to give all of us the  incentive to participate  in our move toward the Renewable WWS age.  We, as individual home or business owners, may not be spending multiple millions of dollars for lobbying, but we are just as concerned with the future of energy use and welfare of our planet earth as any large utility companies.  We earthlings are all connected. The particulate matters from China or India or radiation material from Fukushima will impact all of us earthlings.  So as  individual earthlings, let’s start by calling attention and action for our immediate communities.  I, here in Florida, will try my very best in asking my community and local government to consider Feed-In-Tariff (discussions available by going to the search box at right and type in “feed in tariff”). Feed-In-Tariff, now rebranded as CLEAN program, may be utilized by individual home owners, small businesses, organizations such as schools, Y’s, hospitals, libraries, local McDonald’s, WalMart, police stations, and large power/utility companies/plant (refer to the piece I wrote on July 13, 2011, Answer For The Future Is In Hybrid Marriage-Solar And Fossil Fuel at http://sunisthefuture.net) alike. I hope you, readers from 85 countries (esp. for those who resides in countries not yet with Feed-In-Tariff), will do the same.  I will try to find a way to set up a petition page within few days.  Please feel free to email me at sunisthefuture@gmail.com if you have any suggestions.  Any of your input will be welcomed.

Posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker, sunisthefuture@gmail.com

Homepage:  http://sunisthefuture.net http://sunisthefuture.com http://sunisthefuture.org

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BIO  for Mark Z. Jacobson (taken from Stanford University web site for energy seminar: http://energyseminar.stanford.edu/node/357)

Professor/Director Jacobson currently sits on the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Federal Advisory Committee (ERAC) to the U.S. Secretary of Energy.  He received a B.S. in Civil Engineering with distinction, an A.B. in Economics with distinction, and an M.S. in Environmental Engineering from Stanford University, in 1988, an M.S. in Atmospheric Sciences in 1991 and a PhD in Atmospheric Sciences in 1994 from UCLA and has been on the faculty at Stanford since 1994.  His work relates to the development and application of numerical models to understand better the effects of energy systems and vehicles on climate and air pollution and the analysis of renewable energy resources. He has published two textbooks and 110 peer-reviewed scientific journal articles. His 2000 finding that black carbon, the main component of soot particles, may be the second-leading cause of global warming after carbon dioxide provided the original scientific basis for five recent U.S. proposed laws on black carbon. He received the 2005 American Meteorological Society Henry G. Houghton Award for “significant contributions to modeling aerosol chemistry and to understanding the role of soot and other carbon particles on climate.” In 2005, his group developed the first wind map of the world from data at the height of modern turbines. He recently co-authored a cover article in Scientific American with Dr. Mark DeLucchi of U.C. Davis and two more detailed analyses in Energy Policy on how to power the world with renewable energy.

Posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker, sunisthefuture@gmail.com

Homepage:  http://sunisthefuture.net http://sunisthefuture.com http://sunisthefuture.org
Any comments and suggestions are welcomed at sunisthefuture@gmail.com

Please also get into the habit of checking at these sites below for more on solar energy topics:

www.sunisthefuture.net

www.youtube.com/user/sunisthefuture

www.kiva.org/team/sunisthefuture

www.facebook.com/sunisthefuture

www.pinterest.com/sunisthefuture

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23 April

Incentive For Solar (3)- Researches in Artificial Photosynthesis & Its Consumers

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If you are in favor of renewable/CLEAN energy, please sign the petition page showing support for FIT/CLEAN Program at http://sunisthefuture.net/?page_id=1065 Thank you.

Hi, I just want to quickly thank friends and readers from CA who helped me to realize that some of the  blocking software out there are not only blocking my graphics, charts, images…even the RSS feed symbol that are all pertinent to each post. So, please be sure to also check out these posts elsewhere if your viewing location is using these software (if you are seeing blank rectangles in different locations of various posts). Thanks. And I will try to upload more informative video clips for you all since ad blocking software apparently have no problem with video clips.

Yes, onward and forward with the saga of Incentive For Solar. Before I will bring up some incentive programs tried in many countries, in this post, I want to discuss part of the reason why I feel there should be more funding funneling toward the Sun. We are living in a time when the rules of the game is changing on us, the consumers. So, we need to spend some serious attention, time, energy, and of course, money in different directions for different games. Some of the very promising potential future game(s) may involve understanding of what’s referred to as Artificial Photosynthesis or Artificial Leaf:

Artificial photosynthesis is the field of research that attempts to replicate natural process of photosynthesis by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using sunlight.  Those of you who did not fall sleep during chemistry class may remember  that photosynthesis is the process of converting sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen. The actual process that allows half of the overall photosynthetic reaction to take place is photo-oxidation (which is essential in separating water molecules by releasing hydrogen and oxygen ions).  These ions are needed to reduce carbon dioxide into a fuel.  As of now, the only way this is possible is through an external catalyst (a substance that allows a change in the rate of chemical reaction simply by its presence), catalyst that can react quickly and constantly absorb the sun’s photons (basic form of light and all other forms of electromagnetic radiation).  The general basis behind the theory of artificial photosynthesis is the creation of an “artificial leaf” type of fuel source.

Photo by Kumaravel via Flickr Creative Commons

Researches in this field are currently heading in directions mentioned below.

  • photoelctrochemical cell
  • dye-sensitized solar cell
  • NADP+/NADPH Coenzyme
  • photocatalytic water splitting under solar light

I invite you to a few minutes of  video clip at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bBylSGTHMkw&feature=grec_index for  better understanding of artificial photosynthesis or artificial leaf that may be the potential answer to our future energy hurdle.

 

 

Posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker, sunisthefuture@gmail.com
Homepage: http://sunisthefuture.net http://sunisthefuture.com http://sunisthefuture.org

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