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4 July

The Future Is Hopeful…When Solar/Renewable Energy Age Is Here


Dear Friends, Visitors/Viewers/Readers,

Fireworks (Public Domain Author Copyright holder Jon Sullivan)

(Please click on red links below and note magenta)

This post is thought through and written between July 3-4, 2014, when I was on the road, hurrying to get back to home,  in Florida, for the July 4th Celebration. The televised intense discussion of situation in TX border seemingly to have added few degrees of mugginess to the airport waiting room. The overly excited rhetoric of the TV reporter presented the loosening grip of the Southern border of USA as something unprecedented in the entire human history. In reality, the territorial evolution of North American boundary had been changeable for hundreds of years. Let’s take a look at what wikipedia had to say on the subject: Territorial Evolution of North America Since 1763. The difference between then and now is the lack of bloodshed in association with any boundary changes in 21st century.

Another example is taking place in Europe during the past 60 years. Europe has shifted from a land of net emigration to one of net immigration. A progressive lessening of restrictions on labor mobility between certain European countries has taken place. As indicated in an article of Free Movement in Europe: Past and Present in MPI (Migration Policy Institute):

In a way, this opening up of borders is a return to the past. Prior to the start of World War I in 1914, there were virtually no border controls or restrictions to labor mobility across the continent. During the war, however, the crossing of borders by foreigners began to be considered a security concern, and it was at this time that passports and visas were introduced in Europe.

Then in the 1950s, when Europe was beginning to recover from the devastation of World War II and experiencing a period of intense economic growth, labor mobility was again encouraged. Because the lack of skilled workers was seen as a threat to the economy, freedom of movement of qualified industrial workers was included in the treaties founding the European Economic Community (EEC), the predecessor of the current European Union, in 1957.

If going far back enough, the same would have been true in USA. If we take a look at the history of Ellis Island, closing the border usually was preceded by occurrence of war when greater paranoia or fear resides in people’s heart. Loosening the border is generally associated with peace time when work needs to be done to induce greater economic expansion.

The oil crisis that started in 1973 put an end to the open-doors policy regarding migrant workers, who were welcomed when the economy needed them but were expected to leave when times were hard. To the surprise of the host nations, however, most of the guest workers had come to stay. Moreover, many of these migrants had invited their families to join them in the destination countries, making family ties a more prominent cause for legal migration into Europe than active labor recruitment. This dilemma was neatly summarized by Swiss author Max Frisch: “We asked for workers, but human beings came.” (Free Movement in Europe: Past and Present in MPI (Migration Policy Institute).

Why am I writing about this in Sun Is The Future? Well, the open-door policy that was closed by the oil crisis will now be opened by  Solar and Renewable Energy Age. There will be so much work needing to be done! There will be countless job opportunities, better and cleaner environment, lessened fear of fuel shortage or wars among nations. It is the pressure of population density and shortage of jobs or natural resources that would fuel the potential of wars. It is high time we earthlings should recognize the fact that we are all in it (our planet Earth) together! Free mobility and free trade are both much more efficient and humane way of distributing our resources. In the long run, it would benefit all of us! Perfect example is seen in lack of free trade:  the eventual outcome of tariffs on Chinese solar modules would  hinder the pocket book of the American consumers.

If economics and history are still not able to convince us of the benefit of the free mobility and free trade, then please allow me to appeal to our emotions….nothing stated the sentiment as eloquently as Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor (the Statue of Liberty Song).  Lyrics from the inscription on the Statue of Liberty (music by Irving Berlin and words by Emma Lazarus): Below is a video of Sandi Patty, performing Irving Berlin’s “Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor” with the Cincinnati Pops in 1999, with Emma Lazarus’ words below.

Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free;
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,
Send these, the homeless,
Tempest-tossed to me
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!

Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame is the imprisoned lightning,
And her name, Mother of Exiles.
From her beacon-hand glows world-wide welcome;
Her mild eyes command the air-bridged harbor
That twin cities frame.
“Keep, Ancient Lands, your storied pomp!”
Cries she with silent lips.

Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free;
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,
Send these, the homeless,
Tempest-tossed to me
I lift my lamp beside the golden door

Let us ask ourselves: if our neighbors’ house was burned down by the fire and needed a place to stay, how can we turn them away? Perhaps we should all simply try to do with a bit less. So, that in the long run, we will not have to deal with the cost and sufferings of bloodshed or warfare. Then, I may be able to travel to any corner on earth, and still be able to hold my head up high and be proud to be an American. For despite all of our imperfections, we are still trying and we still have not yet given up on our hope.

~have a bright and sunny day~

Gathered, written, and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

Any of your questions/comments/suggestions will be welcomed at sunisthefuture@gmail.com

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19 October

Closer Look of World’s Largest Solar PV Project, Agua Caliente Solar Project, & Call For Consistent Standard !


Dear Friends & Visitors/Viewers/Readers,

(Please click on red link below)

As I’ve promised you, let’s take a look at the largest solar PV project, Agua Caliente Solar Project, currently under construction in Yuma County, AZ, having achieved a peak generating capacity of 250 MW connected to the electrical grid and will have a generating capacity of 397 MW (DC) or the equivalent of 310-320- MW (AC) when completed.

Recalling from our previous post of October 17, 2012, there was an issue/discrepancy between the maximum generating capacity listed in wikipedia (397 MW in wikipedia vs. many other sources’ 290 MW).  After further digging/investigation, I’ve discovered two things:

1.  In PV Tech Oct. 14, 2011 issue,  please note the quote below:

The original nameplate for the entire plant was 290MW (AC), but Christian said that a 12th block is in the engineering stage and should start early construction soon.

The additional set of arrays would add another 20–30MW (AC), bringing the total to 310–320MW (AC), or about 397MW (DC) after conversion – an amount estimated

to require in the neighborhood of 5.2 million PV panels.

2. Upon careful overview of multiple journals/articles,  I’ve come to realize that the industry as a whole needs a much more consistent standard (AC or DC) for basis of comparison.  Case in point, above, different power plants may provide information/data in AC or DC (AC and DC data may differ approximately 15%), presenting much confusion for the consumers and readers alike.  At this point, I’d like to share an article that would help to shed more light on this subject: AC-DC conundrum: Latest PV power-plant  ratings follies put focus on reporting inconsistency (update).   Please do not get too alarmed by this, for this, to me, is part of the growing pain;a sign that the solar industry is still young enough that it needs to work out some of its kinks;a sign  indicating that solar industry still has much room to grow.  It simply needs a unified voice.  So perhaps in future Solar Power (Generation, International, etc.) conventions/conferences, there should be one more topic added to the list of discussions: AC or DC, That Is The Question ?!

Below, is a clip on Agua Caliente Solar Project by First Solar:

Related articles:

  1. Agua Caliente Solar, LLC (Loans, Award Summary)  at www.recovery.gov
  2. Agua Caliente Solar Project, Case Study at www.CleanEnergyActionProject
  3. Uncompleted Agua Caliente solar farm already winning awards
  4. Agua Caliente Solar Project at wikipedia
  5. List of photovoltaic power stations

~have a bright and sunny day~

gathered, written, and posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker

Any of your commentes/suggestions/questions are welcomed at sunisthefuture@gmail.com

There is always more on solar energy at http://www.sunisthefuture.net
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17 January

SOPA and PIPA-What Can You/We Do ?


Dear Readers,

(Please click on red links below)

If you are in favor of renewable,  clean, or solar energy, please sign this petition for FIT/CLEAN Program, accessible at http://sunisthefuture.net/?page_id=1065 Thank you very much.

Dear Friends and Readers,

Are you aware of the Senate Bill 968 (SOPA of the House/PIPA of the Senate) that may impact/jeopardize internet freedom?  Since there is suppose to be internet blackout on Wed. 18, 2012,  I took the liberty to post some information below to help to clarify SOPA/PIPA.  You may also find additional views at consumerist.com .

Please do not sit idly by, be sure to contact your legislators and express your position on this matter.

SOPA and PIPA – Learn more

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
What exactly is Wikipedia doing?
Wikipedia is protesting against SOPA and PIPA by blacking out the English Wikipedia for 24 hours, beginning at midnight January 18, Eastern Time. Readers who come to English Wikipedia during the blackout will not be able to read the encyclopedia: instead, they will see messages intended to raise awareness about SOPA and PIPA, and encouraging them to share their views with their elected representatives, and via social media.
Why is this happening?
Nothing like this has ever happened before on the English Wikipedia. Wikipedians have chosen to black out the English Wikipedia for the first time ever, because we are concerned that SOPA and PIPA will severely inhibit people’s access to online information. This is not a problem that will solely affect people in the United States: it will affect everyone around the world.
Why? SOPA and PIPA are badly drafted legislation that won’t be effective in their main goal (to stop copyright infringement), and will cause serious damage to the free and open Internet. They put the burden on website owners to police user-contributed material and call for the unnecessary blocking of entire sites. Small sites won’t have sufficient resources to defend themselves. Big media companies may seek to cut off funding sources for their foreign competitors, even if copyright isn’t being infringed. Foreign sites will be blacklisted, which means they won’t show up in major search engines. And, SOPA and PIPA build a framework for future restrictions and suppression.
Do you care about infringement?
Yes. Wikipedians spend thousands of hours every week working tirelessly in reviewing and preventing infringing content. Their talk pages show tremendous care about protecting copyright and sophisticated study on the many nuances of what constitutes infringement as opposed to legitimate speech. Wikipedia is based on a model of free licenses. Every Wikipedian is a rights owner, licensing their work under free licenses. Infringement harms our mission; free licenses do not work with infringement. Wikipedia has a mission of sharing knowledge around the world, and that is not possible when the knowledge is tainted with infringement. So, yes, Wikipedians care deeply about protecting the rights of others and ensuring against infringement.
But this does not meean Wikipedians are willing to trample on free expression like SOPA and PIPA. The proposed legislation seeks to take down sites entirely, because courts and others simply don’t have time to worry about the nuances of copyright law and free expression. That is what is troubling. When the remedies are bludgeons, when entire sites are taken down, when everyone assumes that all content is infringing because some is, we lose something important. We lose the nuances of copyright about which our community cares, we lose our values based on protecting free speech, we lose what we represent. The Internet cannot turn into a world where free expression is ignored to accomodate overly simple solutions that gratify powerful rightowners who spend lots of money to promote the regulation of expression. There are better ways, like the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, to find the right approach to legitimate copyright enforcement without trampling on free expression. SOPA and PIPA don’t represent these values, and for that reason we ask you to oppose these bills.
Isn’t SOPA dead? Wasn’t the bill shelved, and didn’t the White House declare that it won’t sign anything that resembles the current bill?
No, neither SOPA nor PIPA are dead. On January 17th, SOPA’s sponsor said the bill will be discussed in early February. There are signs PIPA may be debated on the Senate floor next week. Moreover, SOPA and PIPA are just indicators of a much broader problem. We are already seeing big media calling us names. In many jurisdictions around the world, we’re seeing the development of legislation that prioritizes overly-broad copyright enforcement laws, laws promoted by power players, over the preservation of individual civil liberties. We want the Internet to be free and open, everywhere, for everyone.
Aren’t SOPA/PIPA as they stand not even really a threat to Wikipedia? Won’t the DNS provisions be removed?
SOPA and PIPA are still alive, and they’re still a threat to the free and open web, which means they are a threat to Wikipedia. For example, in its current form, SOPA would require U.S. sites to take on the heavy burden of actively policing third-party links for infringing content. And even with the DNS provisions removed, the bill would give the U.S. government extraordinary, ambiguous, and loosely-defined powers to take control over content and information on the free web. Taking one bad provision out doesn’t make the bills okay, and regardless, Internet experts agree they won’t even be effective in their main goal: halting copyright infringement. The Electronic Frontier Foundation has published a really great post about some of the more dangerous SOPA and PIPA provisions.
What can users outside of the U.S. do to support this effort?
Readers who don’t live in the United States can contact their local State Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, or similar branch of government. Tell them that you oppose the draft U.S. SOPA and PIPA legislation, and all similar legislation. SOPA and PIPA will have a global effect – websites outside of the U.S. would be impacted by legislation that hurts the free and open web. And, other jurisdictions are grappling with similar issues, and may choose paths similar to SOPA and PIPA.
Is it still possible to access Wikipedia in any way?
The Wikipedia community, as part of their request to the Wikimedia Foundation to carry out this protest, asked us to ensure that we make English Wikipedia accessible in some way during an emergency. The English Wikipedia will be accessible on mobile devices and smart phones. You can also view Wikipedia normally by completely disabling JavaScript in your browser, as explained on this Technical FAQ page.
I keep hearing that this is a fight between Hollywood and Silicon Valley. Is that true?
No. Some people are characterizing it that way, probably in an effort to imply all the participants are motivated by commercial self-interest. But you can know it’s not that simple, because Wikipedia has no financial self-interest here: we are not trying to monetize your eyeballs or sell you products. We are protesting to raise awareness about SOPA and PIPA solely because we think they will hurt the Internet, and your ability to access information. We are doing this for you.
In carrying out this protest, is Wikipedia abandoning neutrality?
We hope you continue to trust Wikipedia to be a neutral informational resource. We are staging this blackout because, although Wikipedia’s articles are neutral, its existence actually is not. For over a decade, Wikipedians have spent millions of hours building the largest encyclopedia in human history. Wikipedia’s existence depends on a free, open and uncensored Internet. We are shutting Wikipedia down for you, our readers. We support your right to freedom of thought and freedom of expression. We think everyone should have access to educational material on a wide range of subjects, even if they can’t pay for it. We believe people should be able to share information without impediment. We believe that new proposed laws like SOPA and PIPA (and other similar laws under discussion inside and outside the United States) don’t advance the interests of the general public. That’s why we’re doing this.
What can I read to get more information?
Try these links:

Blog post from Wikimedia Foundation Executive Director, Sue Gardner

~may we all have a bright and sunny day~

posted by sunisthefuture-Susan Sun Nunamaker, sunisthefuture@gmail.com
Homepage: http://www.sunisthefuture.net

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